Senin, 27 Mei 2013

Exercise 3


Name : Benny Apriandy
Class : 4EA02
NPM : 11209952
Course : Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2


 STYLE IN WRITTEN ENGLISH

1. The defendant refused to answer the prosecutor’s questions _________
a. Because he was afraid it would incriminate him
b. For fear that they will incriminate him
c. Because he was afraid that his answer would incriminate him
d. Fearing that will be incriminated by it

The Correct Answer is C
The Reason is :
• Answer A : Style error. There is no antecedent for the pronoun it.
• Answer B : 2 style errors. Refused … will is an incorrect sequence of tense; There is no antecedent for the pronoun they.
• Answer D : 2 style errors. There is an incorrect sequence of tense; There is no antecedent for the pronoun it.

2. Mrs. Walker has returned______
a. A wallet back to its original owner
b. To its original owner the wallet
c. The wallet to its originally owner
d. The wallet to its original owner

The Correct Answer is D
The Reason is :
• Answer A : Style error. It is redundant to say return … back.
• Answer B : Grammar error. When the indirect object precedes the direct object, no preposition is possible.
• Answer C : Grammar error. Originally is an adverb and is not correct because it modifies the noun owner.

3. The hospital owes______for the construction of the new wing.
a. The government twenty million dollars
b. For the government twenty millions dollars
c. To the government twenty million dollars
d. Twenty millions of dollars to the government

The Correct Answer is A
The Reason is :
• Answer B : 2 grammar errors. It is not correct to use a preposition when the indirect object precedes the direct object; when million is preceded by a number, it cannot be plural (one million, two million).
• Answer C : Grammar error. It is not correct to use a preposition when the indirect object precedes the direct object.
• Answer D : 2 grammar errors. When million is preceded by a number, it cannot be plural, and when million is preceded by a number and followed by a noun, the preposition of is incorrect.

4. Sarah ______ that she could not attend classes next week.
a. Told to her professors
b. Sald her professors
c. Told her professors
d. Is telling her professors

The Correct Answer is C
The Reason is :
The sentence in accordance with the questions.

5. The artist was asked to show some paintings at the contest because ______
a. He painted very good
b. They believed he painted well
c. If their belief that he was an good artist
d. The judges had been told of his talents

The Correct Answer is B
The Reason is :
Of the four answers provided the most appropriate structure is the answer B because after the verb (painted) takes an adverb (well) not an adjective.

6. If motorists do not observe the traffic regulations, they will be stopped,ticketed, and
                                 A           B                               C
have to pay a fine.
            D

The Incorrect Answer is (D), should be fined. For parallel structure, all past participles are required.

7. Fred, who usually conducts the choir rehearsals, did not show up last night because he
                                                           A                                 B
had an accident on his way to the practice.
 C                                       D

The Incorrect Answer is (C), should be had had. The past perfect should be used; the accident happened first.

8. A short time before her operation last month, Mrs. Carlye dreams of her daughter
             A                                         B                                     C
who lives overcast.
                D

The Incorrect Answer is (C), should be dreamed. Use past time because it happened last month.

9. The atmosphere in Andalucia is open, warm and gives a welcome
                                     A                                                      B
feeling to all who have the good fortune to visit here.
                     C                 D

The Incorrect Answer is (B), should be welcoming. For parallel structure, all adjectives are required.

10. Some of the people were standing in the street watched the parade, while others were
                   A                            B                             C                                     D
singing songs.

The Incorrect Answer is (C), should be watching. Were standing … watching is correct parallel structure.

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